Pandas to dictionary one column as key

pandas to dictionary one column as key

By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. How can I best do this? You can use. For example:. If your dictionary has more than a couple of keys, using map can be much faster than replace. There are two versions of this approach, depending on whether your dictionary exhaustively maps all possible values and also whether you want non-matches to keep their values or be converted to NaNs :.

Although map most commonly takes a function as its argument, it can alternatively take a dictionary or series: Documentation for Pandas. If you have a non-exhaustive mapping and wish to retain the existing variables for non-matches, you can add fillna :. Note that your speedup with map will vary with your data. The largest speedup appears to be with large dictionaries and exhaustive replaces.

See jpp answer linked above for more extensive benchmarks and discussion. There is a bit of ambiguity in your question. There are at least three two interpretations:. Case 1: If the keys of di are meant to refer to index values, then you could use the update method:. I've modified the values from your original post so it is clearer what update is doing. Note how the keys in di are associated with index values. The order of the index values -- that is, the index locations -- does not matter.

Note how in this case the keys in di were changed to match values in df['col1']. Case 3: If the keys in di refer to index locations, then you could use.

pandas to dictionary one column as key

Here, the first and third rows were altered, because the keys in di are 0 and 2which with Python's 0-based indexing refer to the first and third locations.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

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Right now one column of the dataframe corresponds to a document nested within the original MongoDB document, now typed as a dictionary. I would like to extract some of the dictionary's values to make new columns of the data frame. Is there a general way to do this? If not, what is the best brute force method specific to my data?

Here is my brute force approach, and it's horrendous. Even for a dataframe of only rows, this is taking several minutes:. I'd appreciate any and all suggestions for how to improve the speed here. Also I am using the try I suspect the try-except in the loops are the main cause of the slowness. It's not clear at which point you get ValueError due to "funky" data. It would be good to clean that up, get rid of the try-catch, and I think your solution will get noticeably faster.

How To Add a New Column Using a Dictionary in Pandas Data Frame ?

Another small thing, that might not make a noticeable difference at all, you have some repeated lookups, like in this snippet:. Here, the g. It would be better to save the result of the first call, and then reuse that. Apply this logic to other similar places. Although it might not make a practical difference, avoiding duplicated logic is a good practice. If you want to create a projection select subset of the keys in the nested dict you can use apply before unpack or a column projection on the dataframe created inside unpack.

You just need to extract the list of dictionaries and then create a new dataframe from this list and then finally merge dataframes. I'll suggest a small modification to the function by JohnnyM to account for situations where the nested column name in this case 'nested' is identical to one of the subordinate levels e. Sign up to join this community.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Data Science Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for Data science professionals, Machine Learning specialists, and those interested in learning more about the field. It only takes a minute to sign up. I have a pandas dataframe as follows, I want to convert it to a dictionary format with 2 keys as shown:.

In order to be able to create a dictionary from your dataframe, such that the keys are tuples of combinations according to your example outputmy idea would be to use a Pandas MultiIndex. This will then generate a dictionary of the form you want. First I just recreate your example dataframe would be nice if you provide this code in the future!

Now we can create the combinations of each value in "name" with each of the other column names. I will use lists, within a list comprehension, where I bundle up the values together into tuples. We end with a list of tuples:. To populate this dataframe, notice that we simple need to row-wise values from columns ["id", "energy", "fibre"]. It is also possible to get your final example of a multidictdirectly from the multi-indexed dataframe.

You need to just use multi-index slicing :. And you can drop the "fibre" value from the tuple-keys with a simple dictionary comprehension:. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered.

How to create dictionary with multiple keys from dataframe in python? Ask Question. Asked 12 months ago. Active 12 months ago. Viewed 6k times.

pandas to dictionary one column as key

There might be a nicer data structure to use. The original dataframe is already very useful as it is, in my opinion. If you want to check combination of name and other variables, you could e.

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Active Oldest Votes. DataFrame df[others]. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook.As a Data Scientise programmer, you have to work most on the Python Dictionary and lists. You use it with Pandas for creating a beautiful and exporting table for your data present as a list and the dictionary. Before converting a dictionary into the data frame lets creates a sample dictionary.

I will make a list of all the dictionary that represents the keys and value field in each dictionary. Now when you get the list of dictionary then You will use the pandas function DataFrame to modify it into dataframe. Use the following code. It will create the Dataframe table with Country and Capital keys as Columns and its values as a row.

In our example, there are Four countries and Four capital. There are also some other cases when you are unable to get proper results. For example, I have a dictionary of dictionary inside the list.

Python Tutorial: CSV Module - How to Read, Parse, and Write CSV Files

Then how you can convert into DataFrame. It is the list of all the buying and selling signals for a particular stock. The above list has a dictionary of dictionary with the name as the pattern as the key. It contains signal and date as the key-value pair. The question is how can you create a data frame with the column name as signal, date, code and company name. Here is the code. In the code above you can see first, I am extracting all dictionary items and iterating it with code and name of the company stocks.

After that, I am appending all the changes in the rows list. Then you can easily convert this list into DataFrames using pd. DataFrame function. You will see the below output like this. If you have a query regarding this please contact us for more support. Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox.

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Step 1: Import the necessary libraries Here I will use only the pandas library for creating dataframe. View What others are Reading:. How to Handle Outliers in Data Analysis? Multivariate Outlier Detection. Best Book for Numpy and Pandas. Join our list Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox.Example Python program that converts a pandas DataFrame into a Python dictionary. Create a DataFrame.

Convert the DataFrame to Series. Contents of the DataFrame:. DataFrame as a dictionary:. Example Python program that converts a pandas DataFrame into a. Python dictionary in list mode. Create DataFrame.

pandas to dictionary one column as key

Convert the DataFrame to dictionary. Daily temperature from DataFrame:. DataFrame as a dictionary List orientation :. Toggle navigation Pythontic.

The output can be specified of various orientations using the parameter orient. In dictionary orientation, for each column of the DataFrame the column value is listed against the row label in a dictionary. All these dictionaries are wrapped in another dictionarywhich is indexed using column labels. Dictionary orientation is the default orientation for the conversion output. In list orientation, each column is made a list and the lists are added to a dictionary against the column labels.

In series orientation, each column is made a pandas Seriesand the series instances are indexed against the row labels in the returned dictionary object. In split orientation, each row is made a list and they are wrapped in another list and indexed with the key "data" in the returned dictionary object. The row labels are stored in a list against the key "index". The columns labels are stored in a list against the key "columns". In records orientation, each column is made a dictionary where the column elements are stored against the column name.

All the dictionaries are returned as a list. In index orientation, each column is made a dictionary where the column elements are stored against the column name.

All the dictionaries are returned in a dictionarywhich is indexed by the row labels.In this article we will discuss different techniques to create a DataFrame object from dictionary.

All the keys in dictionary will be converted to column names and lists in each its value field will we converted to column Data. We can also pass the index list to the DataFrame constructor to replace the default index list i. As DataFrame constructor accepts a dictionary which should contain a list like objects in values. If we will directly pass this dictionary to DataFrame constructor then it will throw following error, ValueError: If using all scalar values, you must pass an index.

So, how to create a two column DataFrame object from this kind of dictionary and put all keys and values as these separate columns like this. But we want to create a DataFrame object from dictionary by skipping some of the items. As in columns parameter we provided a list with only two column names.

So, DataFrame should contain only 2 columns i. We can create a DataFrame from dictionary using DataFrame. It accepts a dictionary and orientation too. By default orientation is columns it means keys in dictionary will be used as columns while creating DataFrame. It has 3 items in it and each item contains a dictionary in value field which internally contains the same keys but with different value. Your email address will not be published. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Python Pandas : How to create DataFrame from dictionary? Create DataFrame from Dictionary using default Constructor DataFrame constructor accepts a data object that can be ndarray, dictionary etc.

Dictionary with list object in values. DataFrame studentData. Pass dictionary in Dataframe constructor to create a new object. Pass custom names of index as list during initialization. DataFrame list studentAgeData.

How to Add Dictionary Keys and Values as Pandas Columns?

Creating dataframe by converting dict to list of items. Creating Dataframe from Dictionary by Skipping 2nd Item from dict. Create dataframe from dic and make keys, index in dataframe. Nested Dictionary. Create dataframe from nested dictionary. Transpose dataframe object. Print data frame object on console.

Print dataframe object on console. Print Dataframe object on console. Creating Dataframe from Dictionary. Creating Dataframe from Dictionary and Custom Indexes. Creating Dataframe from non compatible Dictionary.

Creating Dataframe from Dictionary by Skipping data. Creating Dataframe from Dictionary With different orientation.A simple function to convert the dataframe to dictionary. If you see the Name key it has a dictionary of values where each value has row index as Key i.

The first index of dataframe is 0 which is the first key of dictionary and has a dictionary of a row as value and each value inside this dictionary has column header as Key. So we are setting the index of dataframe as Name first and then Transpose the Dataframe and convert it into a dictionary with values as list.

It returns list of dictionary and each row values is a dictionary having colum label as key and timestamp object as their values. You can specify the type from the collections.

Mapping subclass used for all Mappings in the return value. For example: the into values can be dict, collections. OrderedDict and collections. You can also group the values in a column and create the dictionary. Now we are interested to build a dictionary out of this dataframe where the key will be Name and the two Semesters Sem 1 and Sem 2 will be nested dictionary keys and for each Semester we want to display the Grade for each Subject.

As you can see in the following code we are using a Dictionary comprehension along with groupby to achieve this. We have set the index to Name and Sem which are the Keys of each dictionary and then grouping this data by Name.

And iterating this groupy object inside the dictionary comprehension to get the desired dictionary format. So just to summarize our key learning in this post, here are some of the main points that we touched upon:. Your email address will not be published. OrderedDict [ 'A', OrderedDict [ 0, Timestamp ' '1, Timestamp ' ' ]'B', OrderedDict [ 0, Timestamp ' '1, Timestamp ' ' ] ]. OrderedDict [ 'A'. OrderedDict [ 0Timestamp ' '.

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